Sunday, December 20, 2009
Posted by : Umar
The tableeghis, easy target for criticism,
Attacks against them launched with cynicism
Politically unaware , Intellectually Docile,
Painted as some as simplistically puerile
But I must hasten to disagree,
And quote to you some history
To prove the nature of my claims
And perhaps to defend their noble aims
When Hinduism was spreading in Mewat,
And muslims were losing iman from the heart,
A spiritual man arose who stood apart,
And founded what we now know as tableeghi jamaat
Who knew this spark of love would spread like fire,
For the situation seemed quite dire,
It transformed darkness to illumination,
And rescued the sunnah from devestation
Empty masjids cried floods of tears,
As no worshippers made sujood for many years,
And then crowds came back and thronged their floors,
You can see angels smile, and the heavens echo with applause.
The dhikr of Allah is being revived by their crowds
Throughout the lands jam'aahs travel like rain-bearing clouds
Bringing much sought for water to thirsty lands,
And turning to luscious green arid desert lands.
Some people may be unaware of this information ,
That mawlana Ilyaas was an initiated sufi master
But he saw the mutasawifs and ulema remaining aloof from their congregation,
Whilst Indias muslims plunged into great disaster
So he took the da'wah out to the masses,
Like Bees flying on journeys making honey in stashes,
Unknown inhabitations became Honeycombes sweet,
Where millions of muslims gather and meet
They left their families and their abodes,
And embarked on difficult dusty roads,
Travelling for the pleasure of the divine,
To replace the darkness of postmodernity with the sunnah's shine.
Embryonic change happens in Forty Days,
Strange Indeed are Allah's ways,
Dont call this number a reprehensible innovation,
Perchance it be a sign of your lack of academic discrimination.
In the way of Allah each step they tread,
But only for jihaad this should be said?
Open the hadeeth work of bukhari- the chapter on JUMUAH, ya akhee f'illah,
In that very chapter not about jihad, it quotes the hadeeth of the feet being covered with dust Fee sabeel illah
How many a former drug addict I have encountered in these lands,
Whose previously injecting hands are enshrouded with ancient sins
And now he sits in the house of God with a tasbeeh in his hands
Those same hands make dhikr on those beads of strings.
How many a robber who used to steal,
How many a zaani who shamed the earth's surrounds
How many a musician singing profane sounds
Now recounts God's Jalal-it makes him yell out squeals
And now the earth begins to smile,as he prostrates and as he kneels..
How many a face- black white and yellow from every schism
Sit on a mat and eat together their repast
Whilst politicians talk of the problems of racism
Oh This is not out problem- a thing of the past.
He makes nadaama and in tawbah turns
His heart with Love of Allah yearns
God Bless you Oh dearest mawlaana ilyaas
How beautifully you turned Yaas Into Aas
From the orient to the occident
And from the south right to the north
Crowds emerge with intentions heavenly bent
And taking Allah's name alone, they come forth
Pakistanis,Caucasians,Mayalsians ,Africans,And Turks
Chinese ,Eskimo,and russian faces
Ethnicities unheard of fill masjids where traces,
Of their forefathers are written in historical works.
Whilst nations sit before cathode rays,
That titillate their eyes with their enticing ways,
These men rebel against satan's invitation
And turn to the work of the prophets-driving iblees to frustration
They sit of the floor as it indents their knees,
They know not of Nietzsche,Hume,Kant or Socrates,
They couldnt perhaps recount ghazzali or avicenna's complex kalaam,
But the dhikr of Allah makes their souls calm
This is not to deny the place of the mutaklimeen,
Without whom we would be in disarray,
But for the awaam such complex arguments can lead astray
So let dhawq and wijdaan provide them with yaqeen.
They are not by tales of Machiavelli's prince infected
The sahabas stories motivate their lives
Such dark political ideologies before such heros stand rejected
Upholders of truth and self sacrifice
They hold no huge political rallies protesting to creation
In the nights they stand in prayer before the answer of every supplication And with tears flood the floors begging for mercy and rejuvenation
Once more gifting glory to the Ummah of the best of creation
Don't approach the worldy kings -they cannot protect,
A Pretzel falls into their tracheas,almost suffocating
Such a small little thing He cannot eject?
How will he give Honour to those who stand outside the white house waiting?
They couldnt tell you about quantum mechanics or Hawkings
They couldnt refute Darwinian thought or the reductionism of dawkins
They dont know that much of Heisenbergs principle of uncertainty
For to them the kalimah is a deeply rooted certainty
They might not know Chomskys views on Linguistic Bayaan,
Or how Steven Pinker's instincts about neurolinguistics fit,
But they have of a surety read soorah rahman
And know that language is from Allah a merciful Gift.
And not the product of random forces without end,
Or indeed a blind watchmaker -No my friend
The blindness is in your hearts-not the maker of harmony
So with Ahsan-ul-qawl..They call To the Absolute with humility
On the Day of Reckoning when the Prophets say nafsee nafsee....
Perhaps Dawkins will smile ,albeit,temporarily
Thinking "Ah My Selfish Gene Thesis was true"
Even these prophets are exhibiting ultimately a selfish hue
But Then Mustafa shall come and say Ummati Ummati..
Such selflessness which will cause his theory to terminate suddenly,
This is the beloved of Allah, and this maqam you cannot explain scientifically,
So Discard Dawkins Memes for Muhammad(saw)'s MEEM
They fall not prey to materialism or such bakwaas,
They see the divine hand behind each moving leaf,
In fact they are aboard a noah's ark constructed by mawlana ilyaas,
They hold on to the sunnah with their teeth
Of Freud's oedipus complex they remain unaware
Or indeed of changing uncertain paradigms
Imaan, Salaah, the 6 points are in the air
The kaafirs who promote intellectual kufr will pay for their crimes
Qiyamah is before their eyes
Not mere logical premises philosophers surmise
But deep rooted convictions that change their lives
You don't have to read volumes to be called wise
Those of us who study in intellectual arrogance
Forget rumi's tales of the lover's simple acceptance
The intellect is still looking for its transportation
Love has circled the ka'ba 7 times in dedication
Friday, November 6, 2009
Thursday, November 5, 2009
Ini adalah coretan-coretan saya sewaktu berada di bangku sekolah lagi...
Thursday, September 3, 2009
Wednesday, August 26, 2009
Pertama saya ucapkan kepada semua umat islam selamat berpuasa. Disini saya ingin berkongsi sedikit ilmu khas buat bulan Ramadan.
Seperti mana kita tahu Ramadan adalah bulan yang digandakan amal kebajikan kita. Salah satu ibadah yang kita boleh lakukan pada bulan Ramadan adalah I’tikaf.
Sunnah melakukan I’tikaf hingga diselenggarakan shalat ‘Idul Fitri, juga sunnah sebelum menginjak 10 hari akhir Ramadan(terjemahan fat-hul mu’in)
Lailatul Qadar adalah lebih bagus daripada 1000 bulan yang tak ada Lailatul Qadarnya. (terjemahan fat-hul mu’in)
Laitul Qadar menurut kita adalah terbatas waktu turunnya pada 10 hari tersebut; Yang paling bisa diharapkan adalah pada malam tanggal gasal, dan tanggal gasal yang paling diharapkan adalah tanggal 21 dan 23; An-nawawiy dan ulama lainnya memilih pendapat bahwa Laitul Qadar turun tidak terbatas dalam masa 10 hari tersebut; Laitul Qadar adalah satu-satunya malam yang paling utama sepanjang tahun(terjemahan fat-hul mu’in)
Pada hari ke dua puluh ramadhan selepas menunaikan solat subuh baginda akan pergi ke masjid dan akan hanya keluar selepas malam anak bulan hari raya telah kelihatan.(maariful hadis dengan rujukan Amal Ibadat cara rasulullah saw(terjemahan Uswah rasool e akram))
Iktikaf dan apa yang dilakukan semasa itikaf
Iktikaf sepuluh hari adalah sunnah dan iktikaf kurang dari tempoh itu adalah nafilah.
Seseorang perempuan harus beriktikaf di dalam rumah. Semasa beriktikaf sibukkan diri dengan membaca al-quran dan kitab-kitab agama.(bahisti zewar dengan rujukan Amal Ibadat cara rasulullah saw(terjemahan Uswah rasool e akram))
Tuesday, July 28, 2009
Beberapa karguzari dari jama’ah ini [di tarjimkan oleh ust. Husni Cianjur]:
Smoga Allah azza wa jalla menjadikan kita asbab hidayah untuk umat seluruh alam. Menyebarkan rezeki kita ke seluruh alam dan menjemputnya dengan keluar fii sabilillah. Smoga Allah azza wa jalla menerima seluruh pengorbanan kita dan memperbaiki iman dan amal kita. Aamiin…
سبحانك اللهمّ وبحمدك اشهدأن لاإله إلا انت استغفرك واتوب إليك
bayan Jeddah& Makkah:
oleh Arif Budiman
Thursday, July 23, 2009
Tuesday, July 21, 2009
Monday, July 20, 2009
Risalah ini terdiri dari :
A. Mengikuti kerja shahabat Nabi (Menyabarkan agama ke seluruh Alam)
B. Mereka itu Berjalan Kaki di Atas Permukaan Bumi Untuk Memberi Nasihat
C. Keutamaan Mengunjungi (ziarah/silaturahmi) kepada saudara Muslim Karena Allah
D. Tanggung Jawab/medan Dakwah Ummat Muhammad
Ba’da tahmid dan shalawat
Semoga Allah memberikan kita hidayah dan menjadikan kita asbab hidayah ke seluruh alam. Semoga Allah menggunakan diri, waktu, fikr dan harta kita untuk senantiasa menyebarkan agama Allah di muka bumi. Sebagian risalah ini saya ambil dalam “kitab hayatushabat”, sebuah kitab yang berisi kisah-kisah kehidupan para shahabat radhiyallahu’anhum.
Kita ketahui bahwa nabi Muhammad Saw. adalah rasul yang setiap saat berdakwah menyebarkan agama Allah dan memikirkan bagaimana agama ini wujud dalam diri setiap ummat diseluruh alam sampai hari kiamat. Amalan rasulullah ini diamalkan oleh para shahabat sehingga mereka menjadi ummat terbaik. Kerja dakwah dan tabligh adalah kerja nabi Muhammad Saw. dan kerja/tugas ummat ini.
Dakwah artinya mengajak (bukan mengajar atau menggurui)
Tabligh artinya menyampaikan (menyampaikan apa yang kita ketahui walaupun satu ayat)
A. Mengikuti kerja shahabat Nabi (Menyebarkan agama ke seluruh Alam)
Diriwayatkan oleh Abu Nu’aim, Abdullah ibnu Umar Radhiyallahu Anhuma berkata: “Barangsiapa yang ingin meniru, hendaklah ia meniru perjalanan orang yang sudah mati, yaitu perjalanan para sahabat Nabi Muhammad SAW, karena mereka itu adalah sebaik-baik ummat ini, dan sebersih-bersihnya hati, sedalam-dalamnya ilmu pengetahuan, dan seringan-ringannya penanggungan. Mereka itu adalah suatu kaum yang telah dipilih Allah untuk menjadi para sahabat NabiNya SAW dan bekerja untuk menyebarkan agamaNya. Karena itu, hendaklah kamu mencontohi kelakuan mereka dan ikut perjalanan mereka. Mereka itulah para sahabat Nabi Muhammad SAW yang berdiri di atas jalan lurus, demi Allah yang memiliki Ka’bah!” (Hilyatul-Auliya’ 1:305).
Hasan Basri Rah. mengatakan : “Barang siapa yang mengajak kepada kebaikan dan mencegah kemungkaran maka dialah khalifatullah di bumi, dan dialah khalifaturrasul dan dialah khalifatul kitab (al-qur’an)” . (Hilyatul-Auliya’, Bahkan perkataan ini terdapat pada kitab amr bil ma’ruf nahi ‘anil munkar – Ibnu taymiyah).
B. Mereka itu Berjalan Kaki di Atas Permukaan Bumi Untuk Memberi Nasihat
Al-Baihaqiyy dan An-Naqoosy telah mentakhrijkan di dalam mu’jamnya dan Ibn An-Najjaar daripada Waaqid bin Salaamah daripada Yaziid Ar-Riqoosyiyy dari Anas ra. Bahawa Rasulullah Shallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallaam telah bersabda (mafhuumnya) :
Sudikah aku kabarkan kepada kalian akan qaum-qaum yang mana mereka itu adalah bukan para anbiyaa` dan buka pula para syuhadaa`, (walhal) pada hari qiyaamat (nanti) para anbiyaa` dan para syuhadaa` merasa ghibtoh (iri hati) terhadap mereka itu lantaran manaazil (status- status) mereka (begitu dekat) dengan Allah, di atas minbar-minbar daripada nuur mereka dikenali. Lalu mereka (para Sahabat r.ahum) Bertanya : siapakah mereka itu wahai Rasulullah Shallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallaam? Baginda menjawab (mafhuumnya) : al-ladziina yuhabbibuuna `ibaadaloohi ilAllahi, wa yuhabbibuunAllaha ilaa `ibaadihi, wa yamsyuuna `alal-ardhi nushan; artinya: (yaitu) orang-orang yang menjadikan para hamba Allah dicintai oleh Allah SWT , dan menjadikan Allah SWT dicintai oleh para hambanya, dan mereka itu berjalan kaki di atas (permukaan) bumi dalam hal keadaan memberikan nasihat.
Maka aku berkata : ini menjadikan Allah SWT dicintai oleh para hambanya, maka bagaimanakah mereka menjadikan para hamba Allah SWT dicintai oleh Allah SWT ? Jawab baginda Rasulullah Shallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallaam (mafhuumnya) : mereka itu menyuruh para hamba Allah dengan apa yang Allah SWT suka dan mereka itu mencegah para hamba Allah SWT daripada apa yang Allah SWT benci, maka apabila para hamba Allah SWT itu mentho’ati mereka lalu Allah `azza wa jalla menyintai mereka itu (yakni para hamba Allah itu). [Hayaatush-Shohaabah, juzu` 3, halaman 288 dan 289 - Risalah Fikir (229)]
Hadis riwayat Anas bin Malik ra. ia berkata, Nabi saw. bersabda, Tidak beriman seorang hamba (dalam hadis Abdul Warits, seorang laki-laki) hingga Aku lebih dicintainya daripada keluarga, hartanya, dan semua orang
[Nomor hadis dalam kitab Sahih Muslim : 62]
Hadis riwayat Anas bin Malik ra. ia berkata, Rasulullah saw. bersabda, Tanda kemunafikan adalah membenci sahabat Ansar dan tanda keimanan adalah mencintai sahabat Ansar Nomor hadis dalam kitab Sahih Muslim : 108
Hadis riwayat Al Barra’ ra. ia berkata, Nabi saw. bersabda tentang kaum Anshar, Yang mencintai mereka hanyalah orang yang beriman dan yang membenci mereka hanyalah orang munafik. Siapa yang mencintai mereka, maka Allah mencintainya, siap yang membenci mereka, maka Allah membencinya [Nomor hadis dalam kitab Sahih Muslim : 110]
Hadis riwayat Abu Said Al Khudhri ra., Dari Tarek bin Syihab ra. ia berkata, Orang yang pertama berkhotbah pada hari raya sebelum salat Id, adalah Marwan. Ketika itu ada seorang berdiri mengatakan, salat Id itu sebelum khotbah! Marwan menjawab, telah ditinggalkan apa yang ada di sana. Abu Said berkata, Orang ini benar-benar telah melaksanakan kewajibannya, aku pernah mendengar Rasulullah saw. bersabda, Barangsiapa di antara kalian melihat kemungkaran (hal yang keji, buruk), hendaklah dia mengubahnya dengan tangannya, jika tidak mampu, maka dengan lisannya, kalau tidak sanggup, maka dengan hatinya, itu adalah selemah-lemah iman
[Nomor hadis dalam kitab Sahih Muslim : 70]
C. Keutamaan Mengunjungi (ziarah/silaturahmi) kepada saudara Muslim Karena Allah
361. Dari Abu Hurairah r.a. dari Nabi s.a.w. bahawasanya ada seorang lelaki berziarah kepada seorang saudaranya di suatu desa lain, kemudian Allah memerintah seorang malaikat untuk melindunginya di sepanjang jalan – yang dilaluinya. Setelah orang itu melalui jalan itu, berkatalah malaikat kepadanya: “Ke mana engkau menghendaki?” Orang itu menjawab: “Saya hendak ke tempat seorang saudaraku di desa ini.” Malaikat bertanya lagi: “Adakah suatu kenikmatan yang hendak kau peroleh dari saudaramu itu?” Ia menjawab: “Tidak, hanya saja saya mencintainya kerana Allah.” Malaikat lalu berkata: “Sesungguhnya saya ini adalah utusan Allah untuk menemuimu – guna memberitahukan – bahawa sesungguhnya Allah itu mencintaimu sebagaimana engkau mencintai saudaramu itu karena Allah.” (Riwayat Muslim - Riyadushalihin Anawawi , Hadits No. 361)
Artinya : Bersabda Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wassalam :
“Sayangilah penduduk Bumi, maka penduduk langit (malaikat) akan menyayangi kalian (HR Atirmidzi).
D. Tanggung Jawab/medan Dakwah Ummat Muhammad
SEBAIK-BAIK PEMBERIAN (SEDEKAH) ADALAH MENASIHATI /MENGINGATKAN MENGENAI IMAN DAN AMAL SHALIH (AMALAN AGAMA) SEHINGGA KITA TERLEPAS DARI TUNTUTAN (TANGGUNG JAWAB) SAUDARA-SAUDARA KITA DIAKHIRAT.
- Dakwah pada diri sendiri dan keluarga
[66:6] Hai orang-orang yang beriman, peliharalah dirimu dan keluargamu dari api neraka yang bahan bakarnya adalah manusia dan batu; penjaganya malaikat-malaikat yang kasar, keras, dan tidak mendurhakai Allah terhadap apa yang diperintahkan-Nya kepada mereka dan selalu mengerjakan apa yang diperintahkan. (QS Attahrim ayat 6)
2. Dakwah kepada Jiran/tetangga, sahabat dan orang-orang dekat/kerabat
[26:214] Dan berilah peringatan kepada kerabat-kerabatmu yang terdekat, (QS Asysu’ara 214)
3. Dakwah kepada Umat didaerah sendiri dan daerah lain
[6:92] Dan ini (Al Quraan) adalah kitab yang telah Kami turunkan yang diberkahi; membenarkan kitab-kitab yang (diturunkan) sebelumnya dan agar kamu memberi peringatan kepada (penduduk) Ummul Qura (Mekah) dan orang-orang yang di luar lingkungannya. Orang-orang yang beriman kepada adanya kehidupan akhirat tentu beriman kepadanya (Al Quraan) dan mereka selalu memelihara sembahyangnya. (QS Al an’am 92).
4. Dakwah kepada Ummat diseluruh dunia
[3:110] Kamu adalah umat yang terbaik yang dilahirkan untuk seluruh manusia, menyuruh kepada yang ma’ruf, dan mencegah dari yang munkar, dan beriman kepada Allah. Sekiranya Ahli Kitab beriman, tentulah itu lebih baik bagi mereka, di antara mereka ada yang beriman, dan kebanyakan mereka adalah orang-orang yang fasik. (QS Ali imran 110).
Sebarkan risalah ini, semoga Allah jadikan kita asbab hidayah bagi ummat…amiin
Thursday, May 14, 2009
Date: Thursday, May 14th 2009
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Title: What your opinion about boycott?
Question: What your opinion about boycott?
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
Boycotting can be of different types. The two common types of boycotting are economic boycotting and social boycotting.
In economic boycotting, a group of people decide to boycott certain shops or products to show their economic and political power. This is permissible and has proven to be effective.
In social boycotting, a group of people decide to boycott a person or a group of people to express their displeasure with them. This type of boycotting is also permissible, but it is restricted by the following hadīth:
حدثنا عبد الله بن يوسف أخبرنا مالك عن ابن شهاب عن عطاء بن يزيد الليثي عن أبي أيوب الأنصاري أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال لا يحل لرجل أن يهجر أخاه فوق ثلاث ليال يلتقيان فيعرض هذا ويعرض هذا وخيرهما الذي يبدأ بالسلام (صحيح البخاري، باب الهجرة)
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "It is not permissible for a person to leave his brother for more than three nights [such that] they meet, but each of them turns away from the other. The better of them is the one who makes salām first. (Bukhārī)
However, if it is expected that boycotting the person for a longer period of time will bring about a positive change in the person, then to socially boycott the person for even more than three days with this intention is permissible [i]. This can be seen in the hadīth where the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم ordered the Muslims to not speak to the three Sahābah who did not go to Tabūk (see Sahīh al-Bukhārī, "The Chapter of K'ab ibn Mālik," for the detailed story). This social boycott lasted for a total of 50 days.
(فتاوى محمودية، كتاب الحظر والإباحة، باب المعاشرة والأخلاق، الفصل الرابع: 18/509-511؛ فاروقية)
And Allah knows best
Ml. Abrar Mirza,Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim DesaiDarul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah
Tuesday, April 7, 2009
Penerimaan jawatan khalifah demi untuk kebaikan agama.
Telah dikeluarkan oleh Ibnu Rahawiah, Al-Adani,Al-Baghowi dan Ibnu Khuzaimah daripada Rafi’ katanya:”tatkala umat Islam melantik Abu Bakar ra. Sebagai khalifah, aku telah berkata:”ketika aku mengetahui bahawa Abu Bakar ra. Telah dilantik sebagai khalifah aku terkenang bahawa beliau adalah sahabatku yang telah menyuruhku agar aku tidak menerima jawatan sebagai amir walaupun untuk dua orang. Aku bertolak ke madinah dan sampai di sana. Aku pun menampilkan diriku di hadapan Abu Bakar ra. Dan bertanya kepadanya:”Ya Abu Bakar! Adakah kamu masih mengenaliku?” jawab Abu Bakar ra. :”ya”
Akupun berkata:”Adakah kamu mengingati sesuatu yang pernah kamu ucapkan kepadaku?(iaitu) Agar aku jangan menjadi amir walaupun untuk dua orang dan tetapi sebaliknya kamu telah menjawat jawatan amir untuk umat.”
Abu Bakar berkata:”sesungguhnya Rasulullah saw telah wafat dan ramai manusia yang masih baru memeluk Islam. Oleh itu aku takut sekiranya mereka akan kembali ke agama asal mereka (murtad) dan bertelingkah di antara satu sama lain. Oleh kerana itu, aku menjawat jawatan khalifah ini walaupun aku tidak suka memegangnya.”Abu Bakar berterusan menerangkan tentang kelemahannya sehingga aku menerima alasannya itu.
(Sebagaimana dalam Al-Kanz dengan rujukan hayatus sahabah)
Hari ini manusia berlumba-lumba menjawat jawatan sebagai ketua itu,ketua ini kerana hanya ingin mahsyur,inginkan sesuatu keperluan daripadanya tanpa memikirkan tanggungjawab dan persoalan yang mereka akan jawab diakhirat kelak. Seorang yang tidak berkebolehan untuk menjadi ketua pun ingin supaya mereka menjadi ketua. Sedangkan seorang sahabat yang kita tahu begitu tinggi darjatnya di sisi Allah pun begitu sedih dan takut apabila menerima jawatan sebagai ketua
Larangan mengangkat seseorang yang meminta atau berambisi menduduki suatu jabatan.
Dari Abu Musa Al-Asy’ary ra. Berkata:”saya bersama dua orang saudara sepupu datang kepada Nabi saw., kemudian salah seorang diantara keduanya itu berkata:”wahai Rasulullah, berilah kami suatu jabatan pada sebagian apa yang telah Allah ‘azza wajalla kuasakan terhadap tuan.” Dan yang lain juga berkata seperti itu. Kemudian beliau bersabda: “Demi Allah, aku tidak akan mengangkat seseorang dalam suatu jabatan yang yang mana ia memintanya, atau seseorang yang sangat ambisi pada jabatan itu”(riwayat Bukhari dan Muslim)
Monday, April 6, 2009
Tuesday, March 24, 2009
Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi Sahib
Some unacquainted people regard Taqleed as apostasy and they spread an atmosphere of malice and controversy amongst the Muslims and especially in the youngsters. Some Non Muqallid go as far as writing about it as polytheism. Hence, after one of our Deeni brothers read it out from a book in English and drew our attention towards it, a desire grew in my heart to make our youngsters aware of the significance of Taqleed in the Shari'ah. So that they do not become a prey to misunderstanding, divergence and confusion and so that they do not have a misconception regarding our Imams, that they had adopted a path which was detached from the Qur'aan and Ahadeeth. When in reality, after understanding the objective and the meaning of the Qur'aan and Sunnah, they simplified it into the form of Fiqha and Masa'il and then they offered it to the Ummah, which is in actual fact obeying the Qur'aan and Sunnah. For this reason, the Ummah owes a debt of gratitude to them, (May Allah reward them with the best of all rewards).
Therefore, concerning this, I found that the answers of Faqeehul-Ummah, Hazarat Sheikh, Sayyidi wa Murshidi, Mufti Mahmood Hasan, Gangohi rahmatullahi alaihe in Fatawa-e-Mahmoodia Vol.1, regarding the significance of Taqleed in the Shari'ah, to be sufficient and adequate.
I brought it to the attention of respected Molvi Mohammad Asad rahmatullahi alaihe, to render the English translation. Maasha-Allah, he translated it into English in a very short period of time with great care and effort. May Allah bless him with barakah in his knowledge and deeds and may he accept this current composition and make it beneficial for us and a treasure for us in the hereafter, Aameen.
(Mufti) Moosa bin Ahmad Badat (sahib)
26, Safar 1420 A.H
What is the significance of Taqleed in Shari'ah and if Taqleed is important then why is the Taqleed of an individual considered so important? What is the harm in following one particular Imam for a certain mas’alah then following another Imam regarding something else? Why do the Ulama prevent this, even when the masaalik of all the four Imams are accepted?
The original source of guidance is the Qur'aan but generally it is the fundamental principles and Masa'il which are integrate precepts, stated in the Qur'aan. It was the duty of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) to explain in full the details and particulars: 'To make clear the issues that were sent to the people.'
It is stated in the Qur'aan: 'Establish Salaah.' The full details concerning Salaah are related to us by the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) for instance, how many Rakaats there are in each Salaah? after which rakaat should qa'dah be performed? In which Rakaat is only Surah Fatiha read and in which rakaat is an additional Surah read? In which salaah is qira'at done loudly and when is it done quietly? etc. It is difficult to understand all this directly from the Qur'aan.
EXAMPLE NO. 2:
It is stated in the Qur'aan: ‘Pay Zakaah.' All the details on how the Zakaah is calculated on silver, gold, goats, cows, camels etc. have been found in the Ahadeeth. The Qur'aan has not mentioned anything in regard to this.
It is stated in the Qur'aan: 'And pilgrimage to the house is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for those who can.' The details on how Tawaaf should be done and how many rounds there are in one tawaaf, the Masa'il of Arafat, Mina, Muzdalifah and Rami etc, have all been explained by the prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam).
To understand the Qur'aan, it is firstly important to acquire the intelligence of Ahadeeth. It is impossible to understand the Qur'aan whilst neglecting Ahadeeth. The Ummah has been commanded to derive guidance from the Qur'aan under the explained instructions of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam). In this respect, the obedience of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) means the obedience of Allah:
'Whoever so obeys the Prophet ? has indeed obeyed Allah.'
Therefore it is mentioned in the Ahadeeth 'Perform salaah in the manner that you have seen me perform.'
The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) did not say, pray the way you understand from the Qur'aan.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF AHADEETH:
Some things were mentioned verbally by the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) himself, they are called ‘Hadith-e-Qawli'. Some things were shown practically, which are known as ‘Hadith-e-Fe'Ii' and there are those things which were done in front of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) or were brought to his attention but he did not reject or deny them, instead he preferred to remain silent, which supports their confirmation. This is called 'Taqreer'. These three types of Ahadeeth are a source of guidance for the Ummah.
There are also some things which the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) was asked. He answered, then he set a question for the same person, knowing that the answer was quiet apparent and that he would know it. After the person replied, the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) explained that the question you asked falls under the same ruling as this.
Somebody inquired that since Hajj is due upon my mother, would it be sufficient if I were to perform it on her behalf ? The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) replied in the affirmative. Then he asked the same person that if she took a loan from somebody and you paid it off, would it be acceptable or not ? He replied that yes it would be acceptable. The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) then said that paying off the loan of Allah would more readily be acceptable.
It has been narrated from Hazarat Abdullah ibn Abbas (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) that a woman came to the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) (and said): "My mother vowed to go for Hajj, but she died before she could go. Therefore can I perform Hajj on her behalf?" The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) replied, "Yes you can perform Hajj on her behalf. Tell me, “If your mother had debts, would you have paid them off?" She answered, "Yes" The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said, "Fulfill Allah's right, for Allah is more worthy that his right be fulfilled."
In Shari'ah this is known as Qiyas, Ijtihad, Istinbaat and I'tibaar. Teachings of this nature are substantiated from the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam). Its conditions and details can be found in the books of Usool. It is needed when a Mas’alah cannot be clearly understood from the Qur'aan and Ahadeeth.
The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) sent Hazarat Mu'aaz ibn Jabal (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam)as a Qadhi to Yemen. He gave him a lot of counselling and went a long way with him to bid him farewell. He also asked him "According to which law will you make your judgements?" He replied, "According to the Qur'aan." The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) then inquired. "What if you do not find it in the Qur'aan?" He answered, "Then according to the Sunnah of Rasoolullah ?" Then he asked, "What will you do if you do not find it in the Sunnah either?" He replied, "I will do Ijtihad." The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) showed signs of happiness and was in full support of this decision and he thanked Allah for this selection.
When the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) decided to send Hazarat Mu'aaz (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) to Yemen, he asked him, "How will you make a ruling when a case is brought to you?" He replied, "I will rule according to the Qur'aan. "The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) then inquired, "What, if you do not find it in the Qur'aan?" He answered, "Then according to the Sunnah of Rasoolullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) , He then asked, "What will you do if you do not find it in either the Sunnah of Rasoolullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) or in the kitabullah?" Hazarat Mu 'aaz (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said, "I will do, Ijtihad by my opinion and will not leave any deficiency in it." The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) then struck his hand on the chest of Hazarat Mu'aaz (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and said, "All praise is for Allah who gave the Rasool of Rasoolullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) the ability of that with which the Rasool of Allah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) is pleased with."
When a mas'alah cannot be clearly found in the Qur'aan and Ahadeeth, the analogies and evidences have to be considered to find out its decree. This is known as Ijtihad and Qiyas, as can be understood from the afore mentioned. If this is agreed upon, it is called Ijma'a. That is why the Ulama of Usool have written that Qiyas does not establish the decree, but it just makes it evident.
A ruling which existed in the Qur'aan or Ahadeeth, but was not quite apparent for the common people to understand, a Mujtahid having done Qiyas on its analogies or by analysing evidently, implicitly or by way of necessity, would make it evident. Imam Bukhari rahmatullahi alaihe has compiled a specific chapter regarding this.
Whoever does not have the capability of Ijtihad, following a Mujtahid becomes compulsory for him. This is known as Taqleed.
This is why Hazarat Mu'aaz (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) was sent as a Qadhi, so that the Masa'il and rulings he derives from the Qur'aan, Ahadeeth and Ijtihad would be implemented. Following these three would in fact mean obeying the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam).
It has been narrated from Hazarat Abu Hurraira (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) that the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said "Whoever obeyed me has indeed obeyed Allah and whoever disobeyed me has indeed disobeyed Allah," or he said, "Whoever obeyed the Ameer has indeed obeyed me and whoever disobeyed the Ameer has indeed disobeyed me."
THE TYPES OF MASA'IL:
There are two different types of masa'il. Firstly, those that have been mentioned in the `Nas` (Qur'aan or Ahadeeth). Secondly, those which have not been mentioned in the Qur'aan or Ahadeeth.
There are two forms of the first type. The first form is that the Nas will only be ruling in the positive or only in the negative. The second form is that there are two types of Nas regarding the same Mas’alah. In some we need a ruling in the positive and in others in the negative. For example, from some we find out about Ameen-bil-Jahr and from some we find out about Ameen-bis-sir. Some inform us about Raf'ul-yadaayn, whilst others tell us about Tark-ul-raf'a.
There is also two types of these Masa'il as well. One is when historic evidence or other circumstances indicate that one Nas has preference over the other. The other type is, when it is not known which Nas has preference over the other and which comes first and which comes second. In total these are of four types;
Those Masa'il which only have one type of Nas. No Qiyas or Ijtihad will be done, neither will there be Taqleed of anybody. Instead the Nas will be acted upon.
Those masa'il which have two types of Nas and it is also known which comes first and which comes second. Generally, the first one will be abrogated, while the second one will be acted upon. There is no need for Qiyas, Ijtihad or Taqleed in this type either.
Those masa'il where there are two types of Nas and it is not known which comes first and which comes second.
Those masa'il regarding which there is no Nas at all.
These last two types will be under one of the two situations. Either a person is acting upon it or he is not acting upon it and wondering around freely. Well, there is no permission for this. 'What does man think that he will be left in vain? 'So do you think that we have created you for play?' This is not the case, you have to obey our commands in every aspect. Well, what is he then going to act upon? In the third type, which Nas does he act upon? If he acts upon one, the other gets left out. He cannot appoint a Nas on his own behalf. He does not have the knowledge of which Nas came first and which second, so that he could cancel the first and act upon the second. In the fourth type, there is no Nas at all. So without knowledge what is he going to act upon?
Allah says in the Qur'aan, 'Do not act upon anything without knowledge and research.' This leaves no choice but to do Ijtihad. It is necessary in the third type because one of the Nas has to be appointed to be acted upon, and in the fourth type because the ruling has to be found.
This is also quite obvious that not everybody has the capability and capacity to do Ijtihad and Istinbaat. This verse of the Qur'aan makes this clear as well. Allah says: 'If they had referred it to the Messenger and to those who have authority amongst them, the proper investigators would have known it from them (direct).'
Anybody can claim to make a decision, regardless of its being right or wrong, but only he will be called a Mustanbit and Mujtahid, whose Istinbaat is in accordance to the shari'ah. If it is not, then he will be known as a Muqallid. Hence it is important for a Mujtahid to do Ijtihad in these two types and as for the Muqallid, it is important for him to do Taqleed. Even if the Mujtahid makes an error, he will not be deprived of reward and if his Ijtihad is correct then he will be entitled to double reward. Likewise it has come in Bukhari Sharif Vol 2 pg.1092
Why is the Taqleed of the four Imams (Imam Abu Haneefah, Imam Shaf'ae, Imam Maalik and Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal rahmatullahi alaihim) done, even though there were many Mujtahideen amongst the Sahaba (RA), Tabi'een and the Tab'i-Tabi'een? What is the harm in doing Taqleed of anybody else, especially those Sahabah whose virtues have been mentioned profusely in many Ahadeeth.
The answer to this is that indeed the Sahabah (RA) have a higher status than the four Imams. The reason for doing Taqleed of the four Imams is not because they are thought to be greater than the Sahabah (RA), but when doing Taqleed it is important to acknowledge the masa'il in which Taqleed is done.
Today, there are vast amounts of details and explanations present about the masa'il, compiled and collected in the Mazahib of the four Imams, from Kita-but-Taharah to Kitabul-Fra'idh, including Ibadah, Dealings etc. In short each and every Mas’alah in all the fields and spheres has been collected. These type of detailed and compiled Mazahib cannot be found from the Sahabah, Tabi'een or the Tab'i-Tabi'een. So if one was to do Taqleed of anybody apart from the four Imams, then how would he do it? This is why Taqleed of the four Imams alone, has been chosen.
Allah bestowed upon the four Imams the knowledge of the Qur'aan and Ahadeeth in depths and the complete skills of Istinbaat to this extent that they had access to all the Ahadeeth of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam), which proliferated throughout the world by the Sahabah (RA). It is possible that there might have been a narration that one of them knew about but the other did not, but there could not possibly be a narration that none of them knew about.
Hazarat Shah Waliullah Muhadith Dehivi rahmatullahi alaihe has written in Sharhul- Mu'at-ta, (page 6) about the spreading and circulation of Ahadeeth and about Madina Tayiba, being the headquarters of knowledge. He writes:
'These four Imams are such that their knowledge has encompassed the whole world and those four Imams are Imam Abu Haneefah (rahmatullahi alaihim), Imam Shaf'ae (rahmatullahi alaihim), Imam Maalik (rahmatullahi alaihim) and Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (rahmatullahi alaihim)'.
Why is it important to do Taqleed of only one Imam? What harm is there in following one Imam for one mas'alah, then another Imam for some other mas'alah, the way it was in the time of the Sahabah and the Tabi'een. They were not dependent on one individual in following the whole Mazhab?
In the time of the Sahabah, virtue and prosperity had the upper hand and generally there was no part in deen for fulfilling personal desires. That is why when someone inquired about a Mas’alah, he asked with a good intention and he would act upon it as well, regardless of whether he liked it or not.
In later times, this was not the case. Instead, people started having the urge to ask one mas'alah from a certain Alim and if the answer was against their desires, they would walk off to another Alim in search of ease. Still not content with this, they were stricken with a growing concern about how they could find a way out in every Mas’alah which would satisfy them. It is apparent that this can not be the motive for the search of truth.
Sometimes this can cause a lot of damage. For example, a person made wudhu then touched his wife. Somebody following the Mazhab of Imam Shafi'ee (rahmatullahi alaihe) said to him "Repeat your wudhu because touching your wife breaks the wud-hu." He replies, "I do Taqleed of Imam Abu Hanifa (rahmatullahi alaihe) and wudhu does not break in his opinion of this situation." Then this person vomits. Somebody following the Mazhab of Imam Abu Hanifa (rahmatullahi alaihe)says to him, 'Repeat your wudhu because vomit breaks the wudhu in the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa (rahmatullahi alaihe)." He replies, "I am following the Mazhab of Imam Shafi'ee (rahmatullahi alaihe) and in his view, wudhu does not break by vomiting." Now, this persons salaah is not valid in accordance with the Mazhab of Imam Abu Hanifa (rahmatullahi alaihe) or Imam Shafi'ee (rahmatullahi alaihe) This is known as Talfeeq which is void and not permissible, by unanimous decision.
Following in this manner is in actual fact doing Taqleed of neither of the Imams. Instead it is fulfilling personal desires, which is forbidden in the Shari'ah. It leads a person astray and away from the path of Allah. Allah says in the Qur'aan, ‘And do not follow your personal desires, for they will lead you astray from the path of Allah.'
This is why it is important to do Taqleed of only one Imaam. The Qur'aan has associated obedience with repentance, ‘And follow the path of he who turns towards me,'
On this basis, any individual who had strong presumption about Imam Abu Hanifa (rahmatullahi alaihe), that he was repentant correct and that his Ijtihad was in accordance with the Qur'aan and Ahadeeth, he chose to do his Taqleed. Anybody who had the same thought regarding Imam Sha-fi'ee (rahmatullahi alaihe), Imam Malik (rahmatullahi alaihe) or about Imam Ahmad (rahmatullahi alaihe), he started doing his Taqleed. Now, this is incorrect to leave one's own Imam whenever a person feels and start following a different Mazhab, because without permission of the Shari'ah it becomes Talfeeq and fulfilment of personal desires. In result of which a person is lead astray.
Hence, Molana Mohammad Hussain Sahib has written in his compilation Ishaa'atus-Sunnah Vol 11 No.2 pg.53. After opposing Taqleed for a very long period of time and then becoming affected with bitter experience for not doing Taqleed, he writes, "We found out from 25 years of experience that those people who abstain from entire Mujtahids and Taqleed, they end up saying farewell to Islam. Some become Christians whilst others end up without any Mazhab at all. Rebellion and disobedience of the Shari 'ah is a petty result of this freedom."
This is why those learned Ulama who have deep insight of the Qur'aan and countless treasures of the traditions of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and the Sahabah, in front of their eyes. Whose hearts are enriched with the fear of Allah and whose lives are enlightened with the lamp of the Sunnah of the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam), still choose to do Taqleed, despite having these qualities and virtues.
It would not be an exaggeration if it was said that these Ulama reached such a status only through following the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and doing Taqleed of the pious servants of Deen and the great Mujtahideen.
WAS SHAH WALIULLAH A MUQALLID?
What do the Ulama and the Muftis say about the following Mas’alah. Was Shah Waliullah a Muqallid or not? If he was a Muqallid then what was his Maslak? Here some people say he was not a Muqallid. Please give reference from some authentic source.
Hazarat Shah Waliullah Sahib (rahmatullahi alaihe) was enriched with the treasures of a vast amount of knowledge, deep concerns, high morals, righteous behaviour, purified mind, cleansed heart, strong connection and true saintliness. Whenever any doubts arised, instantly it was solved through Nabawi Ruhanyat as if all the traditions were in front of him. He was well aware of the Mazahib and had full experience of the Imams of Ijtihad regarding the principles of Istinbaat and the derivation of masa' il. He was well versed in the science of collaboration between two traditions and was a Hafiz of Naasikh and Mansookh etc.
Considering all this, he did not have the need to do Taqleed but the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) compelled him to do so. There were other thing as well apart from Taqleed which he was forced to do against the urge of his nature. Hence he writes.
He passed away in 1176 A.H. and it was the same year that he taught Bukhari Sharif for the last time. He wrote the Sanad out for Molvi Cheraagh Sahib with his pen, which still exists in Khudaa Baksh Library in Patnaa along with the Bukhari Sharif itself. On the Sanad he wrote 'Hanafi' with his name. It has also got Hazarat Shah Rafi-ud-deen's certification on it, to prove that it was written by his father, along with Shah Alam's stamp of confirmation as well. From this we can tell that he stayed a Hanafi till the end. Nobody has the authority to say that he became a Ghair Muqallid.
Of course he used to collect them according to his capability and discuss the strength and weakness of the proofs, which might have left doubts in some people.
WHAT SHOULD A MUQALLID DO IF
THERE IS A HADITH CONTRADICTING THE SAYING OF AN IMAM?
What do the Ulama and the Muftis say about this mas'alah. If in the opinion of Imam A'zam (rahmatullahi alaihe) something is regarded as unlawful and there is a Sahih Hadith contradicting Imam Sahibs (rahmatullahi alaihe) opinion. The narrators are approximately more than four in number and they are all reliable. They all narrate exactly the same proof from the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and the Hadith is also in Bukhari Sharif. So in this situation what do you say about an individual who rejects Imam Sahibs opinion and follows the Hadith?
It can be possible that there is a Hadith in Bukhari Sharif against the mas'alah stated by Imam A'zam (rahmatullahi alaihe), but this can never be possible that Imam Sahib (rahmatullahi alaihe) has stated a Mas’alah without any evidence. At least think about this that even in the view of Imam Sahib, it is not permissible to do Qiyas when there is a Sahih Hadith in existence. Then saying that Imam Sahibs opinion is merely just a Qiyas, which is against the Hadith, is completely incorrect and against the principles of Imam Sahib and it is also slanderous.
An opinion is decided upon, first by finding out the cause of a certain masalah (Illah) which can be found in the Nas. So that those Masa'il which have no Nas, but have the same cause, can be ruled the same as the ones which have a Nas. The benefit of this is that the decree of the Nas becomes more general. Imam Bukhari rahmatullahi alaihe has also confirmed this in his Bukhari Sha-rif.
Hence, in whichever mas'alah there is already a Nas, the Qiyas and opinion of Imam A'zam rahmatullahi alaihe has no part to play. Instead the Nas will be acted upon. Some short sighted people just pick up one Hadith and start saying that Imam A'zam's rahmatullahi alaih's certain opinion is against this Hadith. This is because of their ignorance or enmity.
Sahih Bukhari, collectively has been given preference, but that does not mean that each and every Hadith of Bukhari Sharif has priority over each and every Hadith of the other books of Ahadeeth. It can be possible that some Ahadeeth in other books have been given preference over Bukhari Sharif, upon which Imam A'zam's rahmatullahi alaihe opinion is based. Sheikh ibn Hamaam rahmatullahi alaihe has discussed this in Fath-hul-Qa deer.
It has been stated in Umdatul-Qari Sharhul-Bukhari Vol 8 pg.51:
Imam Bukhari's rahmatullahi alaihe claim, that all the Ahadeeth are Sahih, is not worth attention because definite evidence is needed to make an entire claim.
Therefore, declaring that Imam A'zam's rahmatullahi alaihe view is against Hadith and merely is an opinion, is itself a declaration without any evidence. It contradicts the evidence itself, which originates from lack of knowledge or enmity.
TAQLEED FOR A MUHAQIQ ALIM AND
CHANGING FROM ONE MAZHAB TO
QUESTION NO. 1:
What is the meaning of Taqleed in the terminology of the Fuqahaa ?
ANSWER NO. 1:
A person who can be trusted that his ruling will be in accordance with the evidence. Accepting his word and not asking him for proof is Taqleed, (Likewise it has been mentioned in Aqdul-Jayyid)
QUESTION NO. 2:
In reality, is it accepted by the Ulama that a person who is a Mujtahid himself cannot do Taqleed of anybody else, with the understanding of, "What is Taqleed? Taqleed is the action of a person who doesn't know the evidence of the action."
ANSWER NO. 2:
The preferred ruling is that, it is permissible for a Mujtahid to do Taqleed of another Mujtahid because Ijtihad is fractional. (Likewise is has been explained in Shami)
QUESTION NO. 3:
If a person does not hold the status of a Mujtahid, but he is an AIim of the Qur'aan and Sunnah and not only does he have deep knowledge of Sunnan-e-Nabawia, but he also understands the detailed fiqhi masa'il of the different Mazahib and knows which should be given preference. What is the ruling of his doing Taqleed of the Imams of the different Mazahib?
Is it important for him to stay connected with one Mazhab all the time and under no circumstances can he follow a different Mazhab, even though it may be regarding the same mas’alah? Or is it alright to take all the evidence of the different Mazahib into consideration and then act upon the one that is more closer to Qur'aan and Ahadeeth.
When he is not capable of doing Ijtihad although he might have deep knowledge, it is still important for him to do Taqleed of an individual. It is not right for him to follow another mazhab on the basis of his own opinion. Talfeeq is Bil-Ijma'a void and not permissible. (Likewise it has been stated in Dur-rul-Mukhtar)
Whilst being deprived of Ijtihad, making a statement about a mas’ala that it is in accordance with the Qur'aan and Sunnah, is beyond his status.
For instance, if somebody has started to follow one Mazhab, can he totally or partly follow another Mazhab later on or does he always have to stay with the first Mazhab?
If the trust, on the basis of which a person starts to do Taqleed of an Imam, starts to expire from one Imam, due to vast knowledge and deep understanding, then it is permissible to change Imam’s totally and not partly. Or else, Talfeeq will come into existence which is not permissible. (Likewise it has been stated in Hamwee)
'A person who does not have any knowledge of Qur'aan and Sunnah, he is one of the common folk. What is the ruling for such a person to move from one Mazhab to another Mazhab ?
This is not permitted. It is fulfilling the desires and it becomes a play. Aqdul-]ayyid, Insaaf, Sabeelur-Rashaad, AI-Iqtisaad, Intisaarul-Haq, Tayseer and At-Taqreer wat-Tahbeer, have all stated the detailed evidence regard-ing this issue.
IS IT AGAINST TAQLEED FOR A HANAFI TO FOLLOW SOMEBODY ELSE 'S VIEW?
What is the definition of Taqleed? Will a person still remain a Hanafi if he acts upon Imam Abu Yusuf’s rahmatullahi alaihe view or Imam Zufar's rahmatullahi alaihe. Also will he still remain a Hanafi if he acts upon the opinion of Imam Shafi'ee rahmatullahi alaihe or Imam Malik rahmatullahi alaihe at the time of need (for example the mas'alah of Mafqood)?
For a Non Mujtahid to follow a Mujtahid, trusting him that he has the proof and evidence for it and he does not ask him for the evidence, is known as Taqleed.
The principle of Imam A' zam rahmatullahi alaihe which his students have described in de-tails and from which other masa'il are derived, whether these masa'il are directly from Imam Sahib rahmatullahi alaihe or not, a person who adopts them remains a 'Hanafi'. The views of Imam Sahibs students are in actual fact Imam Sahibs views, regardless of whether they are directly or indirectly from Imam Sahib. Therefore, acting upon them on special occasions does not expel an individual from Hanafiyah.
Sometimes, because of changes in occurrences and incidents, the ruling changed in a way that the scholars of the later era understood that if Imam Sahib rahmatullahi alaihe was still alive today, he would have made a certain ruling in a particular mas'alah. Therefore, they decided upon that ruling, regardless of whether that was the view of Imam Shafi'ee rahmatullahi alaihe or an opinion of any other Imam.
These type of changes, like the excellence of Hajj, nafl and Sadaqah etc., can be found in the time of Imam Sahib rahmatullahi alaihe himself. Hence, this does not cause any changes in Hanafiyah. Details can be found in Uqood Rasmul Mufti Ii Ibn Abideen.